Free Cervical Cancer Prevention Treatment for Young Women

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Free Cervical Cancer Prevention Treatment for Young Women 子宮頸がんの予防接種
Cervical cancer kills around 2000 women (in their late 20s to early 40s) each year in Japan and annually affects over 400,000 women worldwide.

The main risk factor for cervical cancer has proven to be Human Papilloma Virus infection (HPV) – a group of sexually transmitted viruses. Most HPV infections in young women are temporary and have little long-term significance, but when infection persists there is higher risk of developing cervical cancer. This process usually takes several years, providing many opportunities for detection and treatment through regular screening.

However, there is now a vaccine available, called Cervarix, that protects against the high-risk strains of HPV infections and consequently preventing cervical cancer. Normally the vaccine series costs around 40,000 – 50,000 Yen, but from October 1 2010, as part of a City of Nagoya assistance program, the treatment has been made available for FREE for female residents of Nagoya City born between April 2, 1996 and April 1, 1998 (currently JHS Grade 1 & 2).

About the Vaccine
This vaccine requires a series of 3 injections over a 6 month period. In order to be more effective, the vaccine should be administered before the young woman becomes sexually active and all 3 injections should be taken within the timeline specified by the administering physician.

      - Anyone who is allergic to the ingredients of Cervarix, including those severely allergic to latex, should not receive the vaccine.

 

      - Injections are administered into muscle area in the upper arm or thigh and compared to other injections can be quite painful.

 

      - The side effects include pain, swelling, itching, bruising, and redness at the injection site, as well as possible headache, fever, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, and fainting.

 

      - Since the vaccine only covers some of the cancer causing (“high-risk”) types of HPV, it is recommended that women should also undergo regular Pap smear screening, even after vaccination.

 

    - The vaccine prevents infection with HPV and cannot be used to treat an existing infection.

How to Apply
Applications are accepted at affiliated clinics & hospitals (協力医療機関 kyō-ryoku-iryō-kikan)in Nagoya City. A list of affiliated clinics and hospitals in Nagoya City is on the City of Nagoya website (in Japanese) in a printer-friendly PDF version here. Alternatively you can call the NIC 3F Information Counter (in English) at 052-581-0100 to find an English-speaking affiliated hospital near you!

For more information in English about the process, benefits, and side-effects of Cervarix visit the manufacturer’s website at www.cervarix.ca

Regular Screenings
Screenings for uterine cancers (cervical cancer & endometrial cancer) are available in Nagoya to women aged 20 and over for just 500 Yen.
For more information see the NIC Website.

Useful Vocabulary
– uterine cancer 子宮癌 shikyū-gan
– cervical cancer 子宮頸癌 shikyūkei-gan
– human papilloma virus (HPV) ヒトパピローマウィルス
– Cervarix サーバリックス
– vaccination – 予防接種 yo-boh-sesshu

To learn more about the Nagoya International Center,
please watch our video.

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