A contributing factor to the high number of fatalities immediately after the East Japan Earthquake in March 2011, was the fact that evacuation shelters were not designated according to specific types of disaster. Many who fled to shelters after the earthquake lost their lives when shelters were later inundated by tsunami.
The Basic Act on Disaster Management was subsequently amended to allow the designation of shelters as either Designated Emergency Assembly Points, or Designated Evacuation Shelters. The City of Nagoya designated shelters in accordance with the Act in March 2017.
- Designated Emergency Assembly Point (shitei kinkyū hinan basho / 指定緊急避難場所):
a place to initially evacuate to in order to protect yourself from the immediate danger of the disaster (site will vary by type of disaster)
- Designated Evacuation Shelter (shitei hinanjo / 指定避難所):
a place where you can seek refuge for a certain period if your residence is affected by the disaster and you are unable to return home
When you need to evacuate quickly, such as when your life may be at risk if you remain at home, evacuate to a Designated Emergency Assembly Point appropriate to the type of disaster at hand.
Later, when any Evacuation Information (避難情報), or weather warnings issued have been cancelled, and the threat of the disaster has subsided, move to a Designated Evacuation Shelter.
Designated Emergency Assembly Points and Designated Evacuation Shelters may be used regardless of the municipality, ward or school district in which you live. Please evacuate to the nearest appropriate facility.
Above: extract from the Nagoya Emergency Evacuation Guide
Nagoya Emergency Evacuation Guide
The Nagoya Emergency Evacuation Guide is a leaflet produced to explain how to evacuate in an emergency, the difference between Designated Emergency Assembly Points and Designated Evacuation Shelters, and more.
Use the Guide, together with the hazard maps for your ward, to imagine how you should evacuate in a disaster and to confirm the location of your nearest Designated Emergency Assembly Points and Designated Evacuation Shelter.
The map side of the Guide has a list of Designated Emergency Assembly Points for each type of disaster and Designated Evacuation Shelters, with the location of each marked on the map.
Be sure to confirm the locations of the facilities nearest to your home on the map.
The information side of the Guide contains information on the difference between Designated Emergency Assembly Points and Designated Evacuation Shelters; how to evacuate as a typhoon approaches, in heavy rain, and after an earthquake; how to get information in a disaster; and how to be prepared in day-to-day life.
Go through the guide with your family and discuss how you should evacuate in an emergency.